developing countries have yet to achieve tangible and lasting improvements in
the standard of living. It is, considerable scope for sharing and reviewing people-driven development schemes
to address the needs of economically disadvantaged and socially deprived
populations in these countries.
Tackling the problem of poverty effectively needs empowerment of the poor. Economically and socially deprived communities
need to be organized into associations, cooperatives and guilds to strengthen their
bargaining power at local, regional and national levels. This can only happen, however, if the broader political and economic framework is conducive to
generation and improvement of opportunities for these self-help groups to grow. The
identification, analysis and restructuration of existing framework conditions are,
therefore, crucial to poverty reduction.
With this in mind, NAM CSSTC convened a meeting of
experts from 26 countries, grouped into seven different sub-regions, to
articulate their national situations and to identify the major issues in
eradicating poverty and promoting rapid and equitable development. The meeting
was held in Jakarta in April 2001.
Economic instability, conflict, food security and
demographic pattern, including the increasing urbanization of the poor, were
identified. Human resource development and health issue
were also seen as critical. The importance of tackling social exclusion and
ensuring real community participation in designing poverty alleviation
programmes was highlighted. And significantly, political will and good
governance were identified by almost all groups as prerequisites for effective
The conclusions of this meeting will be used to
formulate future NAM CSSTC projects dealing with problems contributing to the poverty in their respective countries.
Related Page :
Report of Expert Group Meeting on the Identification
of Major Issues in Eradicating Poverty and Fostering Rapid and Equitable
Development in NAM Member Countries, Jakarta, Indonesia, 24-26 April, 2001