Collective Self-Reliance is the descriptive term for a development strategy which has lately often been suggested as a means of overcoming underdevelopment (Lemper, 1977). Regional cooperation is conducted in order to set up collective self-reliance among Non-Aligned Movement member countries. It includes a clearer definition of the nature of regional operations and clarifications regarding financing requests which should facilitate practical application.
There are three areas of cooperation in terms of collective self-reliance, namely:
Financial and technical cooperation, socio-cultural and regional cooperation, LLDLICs, transport and communications;
Trade, special measures for certain products, rules of origin and agricultural commodities; and
Agricultural cooperation, industrial development, mining and energy, fisheries, tourism and investment.
Collective Self-Reliance becomes desirable option for developing countries because through collective approach, countries with similar scale of development processes, priorities, needs and concerns will be able to deal with global economic issues. The commonalities could bring developing countries together for cooperation and common approach to development issues. Collective approach also aligns with the idea of reducing dependence on colonial masters, an idea which came to surface after the end of World War II.